Sleep is not the time for daily life to be interrupted or wasted for a period of time. It is an active period that is important for us to be able to renew our mental and physical health every day and to cover a third of our lives.
There are about 85 kinds of sleeping sickness. Most cause a decrease in quality of life and deterioration of the health of the person. Sleep disturbances are a public health problem because they can cause traffic and occupational accidents. Some sleep disorders lead to the ability to dive or sustain sleep. Other sleep disorders cause excessive daytime sleepiness. Problems with the body’s biological clock cause people to be asleep at the wrong time of day. Walking in the sleep, soaking the gold, nightmares and other problems can also interrupt sleep. Some sleep disorders are life-threatening.
Respiratory Disorders in Sleep
The most common symptom in this group of diseases is Sleep Respiratory Disease (Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome). The most common symptom is snoring. Snoring occurs during sleep with noisy breathing. This is due to the narrowing of the throat during sleep, which disturbs those who share the same bed with the person who snores according to their degree of discomfort, those who stay in the same house, even their neighbors. Excessive weight, alcohol intake, fatigue and insomnia also increase snoring, except for the causes of narrowness in the throat such as tonsils, small tongue and palate. Although it does not cause any problem for the person who snores, the partner who hears the snoring frequently and can not sleep comfortably for this reason comes in front of the family doctor, friend’s warning doctor. Research has shown that snoring increases with age, middle age and nearly half of the population snore. When the narrowing of the throat, which plays a role in the snore, becomes more apparent, it leads to the complete closure of the airway, the cutting of the breath (apnea). It is called obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (sleep obstructive sleep apnea syndrome), which is frequently repeated during sleep, when breathing between noisy snoring, and therefore snoring, lasts for a long time (over 10 seconds) and then continues again with breathing and noisy snoring.
Sleep Respiratory Disease (Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome)
Recurrent respiratory disorders (apnea, apnea, hypopnea: hypopnea) develop as a result of obstruction of the throat during sleep.
It causes sleep interruption due to the complete interruption of breathing or a considerable decrease in sleep during sleep, and causes a decrease in the proportion of oxygen in the body. Breathing ends with waking, breathing starts again. When alertness occurs in the nervous system, the effect of the relevant nervous system on the heart and vessels causes the blood pressure to rise. Degradation of sleep affects metabolism and sexual functions. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is therefore an important health problem that affects many body systems.
Patients often disgrace in a noisy way, have not received their morning sleep, and wake up unrestrained. With the cause of insomnia, disturbances in mental ability and sleepiness during the day can develop.
Excessive weight, causes in the throat tightness, alcohol intake in the evening, some drugs aggravate respiratory arrest in sleep. The use of non-prescription medicines can be detrimental to the use of medicines related to sleep without knowing the underlying problem.
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is diagnosed in the sleep laboratory for sleep and respiratory changes. It is also necessary to work in sleep laboratories to regulate treatment in patients who will undergo pressure therapy.
The prospect of community health can be summarized in three main sections:
Sleep disordered breathing is a common condition in the community: The most common cause of excessive sleepiness is known as sleep apnea syndrome (obstructive sleep apnea syndrome). It has been shown in studies that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is present in 4% of men and 2% of women in adulthood. Up to 3% of cases have been reported in studies conducted in children. However, very few of the patients are diagnosed. It is estimated that only 1/10 of the patients can be diagnosed in USA where sleep laboratories are common.
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome leads to major health problems (illness and death). Clinical consequences such as sleep disturbance, decreased oxygen, increased hypertension in patients with sympathetic nervous system hypertension, respiratory and cardiac insufficiency, stroke, impaired cardiac rhythm, and overweight (obesity) may develop. Insomnia can lead to accidents in people who use vehicles that require careful attention. Patients’ compliance with their surroundings may deteriorate, job performance and quality of life may decrease. Studies have shown that the life expectancy of patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is reduced compared to the non-ill persons due to the mentioned disease outcomes and the expectation of life expectancy by treatment can be increased. Increased cardiovascular disease in these patients may result in fatal outcomes. This suggests the importance of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in terms of community health.